Indian General Election 2014 – by the numbers!

By the numbers, GE 2014 could be the greatest show on earth!

The logistics are frightening. The Election Commission of India’s arrangements for securing a “free and fair” election are quite comprehensive and more than a little daunting.

Press Note GE-2014_05032014

About 11 million people will be involved under the authority of the Election Commission of India as election officials or in providing security. Almost 1 million polling stations, over 800 million voters, over 1,400 political parties and more than 4,000 candidates are expected. The administrative cost for holding the election is expected to be about $650 million.

It is worth noting that other than at village level China does not even attempt any kind of “free” elections. Elected leaders are always subject to the over-riding authority of the secretary of the appropriate level of the strictly hierarchical Communist Party of China.

  1. 543 Lok Sabha constituencies will go to the polls.
  2. Voting will begin on April 7th and continue on nine separate dates until May 12th.  Counting will take place on 16.05.2014 (Friday) and is expected to be completed on the same day.
  3. More than 1,400 political parties are involved. There are 6 recognised and registered National parties, 54 recognised and registered State parties and 1,392 registered but “unrecognised” parties.
  4. The total electorate in the country is approximately 814.5 million compared to 713 million in 2009. This marks an increase of more than 100 million electors.
  5. There has been a remarkable increase in the enrollment of electors in the age group of 18 to 19 years. Over 23 million electors are in this age group. Electors in the age group of 18 to 19 years now constitute 2.88% of total electors, against 0.75% in 2009. 
  6. Transgender persons with gender written as “Others” have been in the electoral rolls since 2012. The number of electors enrolled as “Others” gender is 28,314.
  7. Parliament amended the Representation of the People Act, 1950, allowing enrollment of Indian citizens living overseas as electors. 11,844 overseas electors have been enrolled in the current electoral rolls.
  8. There are 1,328,621 service electors in the electoral rolls (see note below).
  9. There will be approximately 930,000 Polling Stations in the country, as compared to 830,866 Polling Stations set up during Lok Sabha election, 2009. This marks an increase of nearly 11.9 percent Polling Stations. 

  10. Electronic Voting Machines will be used. There are 1,468,430 Control Units (CUs) and 1,495,430 Ballot Units (BUs) available in the country. Manufacturers have been asked to manufacture and supply 251,650 Control Units and 382,876 Ballot Units, which are expected to be received by 31st 

    March, 2014. With this, the country will have 1,720,080 Control Units and 1,878,306 Ballot Units. 

  11. The Supreme Court has directed that there should be a “None of the Above” 

    (NOTA) option on the ballot papers and a special button has been provided for this on the voting machines.

  12. All the candidates will be required to file an affidavit along with 

    their nomination papers. This affidavit will include information on the criminal antecedents of the candidate, if any, assets (including the movable, immovable 

    properties and investments even in foreign countries, of the candidate, his/ her spouse and dependents), liabilities of the candidate, his/ her spouse and 

    dependents and his/ her educational qualifications. 

  13. The maximum limit of election expenses for a Lok Sabha Constituency is Rs.70.00 lakh per candidate for all States except Arunachal Pradesh, Goa and Sikkim. For these three States it is Rs.54.00 lakh per 

    candidate. For the Union Territories, the maximum limit is Rs.70 lakh per candidate for NCT of Delhi and Rs.54.00 lakh per candidate for other UTs. For the Assembly Constituencies, the maximum limit is Rs.28.00 lakh per candidate for the bigger States and NCT of Delhi and Rs.20.00 lakh per candidate in the other States and Union Territory of Puducherry. Accordingly, in Andhra Pradesh and Odisha the limit of expenses for Assembly Constituencies is Rs.28.00 lakh per candidate and in Sikkim it is Rs.20.00 lakh per candidate. (Note Rs 1 lakh = $1,600 approximately).

  14.  Every contesting candidate will maintain and furnish a separate and true account of his/ her election expenditure.
  15. Since the tenure of the Legislative Assemblies of the States of Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Sikkim will expire on 02.06.2014, 07.06.2014 and 21.05.2014 respectively and a new Assembly in Sikkim has to be constituted before 22nd May, 2014 elections will be held for new Legislative Assemblies for these three States, simultaneously with the General Elections to the 16th Lok Sabha. 

Service electors qualify as
(a) Being a member of the armed Forces of the Union; or 
(b) Being a member of a force to which provisions of the Army Act have been made applicable 
(c) Being a member of an Armed Police Force of a State, and serving outside that state; or 
(d) Being a person who is employed under the Government of India, in a post outside India.

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