Global cooling indicators are increasing

The conditions in the relatively thin, chaotic surface layer of atmosphere surrounding the earth within the earth-sun system are what we call climate in the long term over large geographic regions and what we call weather in the short term over small geographic regions. I am convinced that these conditions are dominated by the sun and that the primary vehicles for transporting energy around the earth’s surface (and which is decisive for the chaotic boundary layer) are the oceans. The energy carrying capacity of the atmosphere is small compared to that of the oceans.

The major ocean cycles which seem to be most relevant are the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). The El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) seems to be superimposed on the major cycles which which may even derive from ENSO and the deep ocean circulation patterns. The major cycles also contain sub-cycles such as the Nothern Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) or the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI). There are other minor cycles such as the Arctic Oscillation Index (AO) and the Antarctic Oscillation (AAO).

The indicators that we are in a period of 20 – 30 years of global cooling are increasing:

1. The quiet sun is perhaps the most important indicator we have that we are entering (or have entered) a global cooling period. The period 2000 – 2030 could well be similar to that during the Dalton Minimum between 1790 – 1820.

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2. There have been regular periods of warming and cooling in the past.

Alternating periods of warm and cooler weather have been with us as far back as our climate records go. Some of the past cooler periods have been more severe than others, like the Sporer, Maunder and Dalton Minimums. Professor Don Easterbrook has documented some 20 such cool periods over the last 500 years

Figure 1

graphic: Don Easterbrook

3. Taking just the main ocean cycles, the AMO is a 66 year cycle.

AMO peaks occurred on May 1878 and November 1944. The next peak is forecasted to occur in April 2011. The last trough occurred in January 1978, and the next trough is expected to occur in June 2044. As we see here, the length of a complete cycle is about 66.5 years.

The AMO went positive in 1994 and actually peaked in July 2010 and is now on its way down. It should go negative sometime in 2015 and remain negative till about 2048.

4. The Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) has a shorter cycle of about 60 years.


The PDO cycle is not quite as long as AMO. Because the periods differ, their peaks and troughs will vary relative to each other. This has an interesting long-term result in terms of warming and cooling. The PDO had a peak in the function in October 1929 (about 15 years prior to AMO). The next peak occurred May 1990 (about 21 years prior to the anticipated AMO peak). The period here is about 60.5 years.

PDO has gone negative since September 2007  and will remain in negative territory probably for the next 30 years. For about 2 decades the PDO and the AMO will both be negative (but as can be seen above the amplitude of the short term variations are so large that short periods in the positive region are perfectly possible and inevitable, even while the long term average is negative or vice versa.)

5. ENSO and the efects of La Niñas and El Niños.

Returning to Matti Vooro’s article:

During negative or cool phases of PDO and AMO, there are more La Niñas than during the positive phases. This contributes to more cold winters and colder years during negative PDO. During positive or warm phases of PDO and AMO, there are significantly more El Niños. This is why there is more warming when the PDO is positive. The current negative or cool PDO and the La Niña are why we have had all the recent cold weather. The La Niña’s may have directly contributed to the Red River Flooding of 2009 and the recent flooding in Australia and Brazil.

…. The AMO is affected by ENSO cycles, especially El Ninos, so we saw a brief warming of AMO during 2010. Climate history shows that global cooling was strongest when both the PDO andAMO were both simultaneously in the negative or cool mode – like in 1964-1976 and again 1916 to 1923. The AMO cycles have been quite variable. During its last cycle it was in the negative or cool mode for 30 years (1964-1994] and its cycle seems to be related to the Meridional Overturning Circulation [MOC] and the changes in the Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation [THC]. There are a number of estimates when it will again go negative. My best estimate is about 2015 based on the most frequent past intervals of around 20 years and the cooler waters that feed the MOC from the Southern Oceans. Once it does go negative, the global temperature anomalies may drop further until about 2030, the Arctic temperature may cool further and the Arctic ice extent should increase again.

Professor Easterbrook has made a global forecast for temperature:

The IPCC projections are no longer credible but it must be borne in mind that these projections had little to do with actually bringing science to make the best forecast possible but instead were focused on poltical objectives; it seems mainly to redistribute wealth and to demonise CO2 so as to drive the carbon trading market.

That global cooling is upon us seems more and more likely and I apprehend that Easterbrooks’s lowest curve will materialise and show that the current Landscheidt minimum will be comparable to the Dalton minimum.

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3 Responses to “Global cooling indicators are increasing”

  1. Wrangler Wayne Says:

    Excellent analysis of the ocean currents relating to global climate and the cooling phase that has started. It appears to be a perfect storm for global cooling now. All the major actors are on stage and the play has begun. The bulk of the ocean is very cold indeed. Ocean temps: 0-200m, Sunlight zone, (28-36 degrees c), 200-1000m, the thermocline (4.2-13.5 degrees c). So, watch for a lowering of the summer snow melt, build up of glaciers, and the continued cooling of the North Atlantic. Oh, by the way, one article stated that the gulf stream does little to warm Western Europe. The jet streams and prevailing easterly winds accounts for most of it.

  2. John Casey Says:

    You are invited to read the most recent press release from the Space and Science Research Center, (SSRC) entitled, “NASA Data Confirms Solar Hibernation and Climate Change to Cold Era.”
    This important release addresses the prediction made almost four years ago by SSRC Director John L. Casey that what he calls a ‘solar hibernation’ has begun within our Sun. The new data from NASA posted this month confirms that the Sun’s activity levels have dropped to record lows and that the crucial sunspot count at peak for the current solar cycle 24 will be in the 50’s – by definition a solar hibernation, also called a ‘grand minimum.’
    This vital piece of NASA data about the Sun’s behavior also validates another SSRC prediction that the next climate change to a deep cold era has already begun, since these hibernations are always accompanied by dramatically lower global temperatures lasting 20-30 years. These extreme cold temperature periods in turn produce serious to catastrophic damage to crops globally.
    The last time a solar hibernation occurred centered on the year 1812, it produced according to one historian “…the last great subsistence crisis.” This time the effects are expected to be worse with some scientists saying the hibernation of the Sun this time will be as bad as the global cold that hit around 1700 at the bottom of the so-called Little Ice Age.
    This press release is posted at the new web site for the SSRC at:
    Best Regards,
    John L. Casey

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