Posts Tagged ‘Fluid mechanics’

Fluid jets and fishbones

August 9, 2013

Just a few examples from a striking gallery of pictures by  John W. M. Bush (MIT Mathematics)

Colliding jets and the patterns that ensue.

Fishbone john bush

Fishbone john bush

fluids john bush

colliding jets john bush

We examine the form of the free surface flows resulting from the collision of equal jets at an oblique angle. Glycerol-water solutions with viscosities of 15-50 cS were pumped at flow rates of 10-40 cc/s through circular outlets with diameter 2 mm. … At low flow rates, the resulting stream takes the form of a steady fluid chain, a succession of mutually orthogonal fluid links, each comprised of a thin oval sheet bound by relatively thick fluid rims. The influence of viscosity serves to decrease the size of successive links, and the chain ultimately coalesces into a cylindrical stream. As the flow rate is increased, waves are excited on the sheet, and the fluid rims become unstable.  The rim appears blurred to the naked eye; however, strobe illumination reveals a remarkably regular and striking flow instability. Droplets form from the sheet rims but remain attached to the fluid sheet by tendrils of fluid that thin and eventually break. The resulting flow takes the form of fluid fishbones, with the fluid sheet being the fish head and the tendrils its bones. Increasing the flow rate serves to broaden the fishbones.  In the wake of the fluid fish, a regular array of drops obtains, the number and spacing of which is determined by the pinch-off of the fishbones. 

h/t Science is Beauty

 

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